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International Whistleblowing Laws

What whistleblowing laws exist globally to protect whistleblowers?

Whistleblowing laws exist in various countries around the world. While the specifics of these laws vary, they aim to provide legal safeguards and incentives for individuals who report misconduct. Here are some examples of significant whistleblower protection laws globally:

  1. United States: The United States has several laws protecting whistleblowers, including the False Claims Act, the Whistleblower Protection Act, and the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, which includes provisions for reporting financial misconduct.
  2. United Kingdom: In the UK, whistleblowers are protected under the Public Interest Disclosure Act 1998 (PIDA), which safeguards individuals who report wrongdoing in the workplace from unfair treatment or dismissal. However, this whistleblowing law is widely criticised as inadequate.
  3. Australia: Australia has the Public Interest Disclosure Act 2013, which establishes protections for whistleblowers in the public sector and certain private sectors. It offers safeguards against reprisals and provides mechanisms for reporting misconduct.
  4. Canada: Canada has various whistleblowing laws protecting whistleblowers, including the Public Servants Disclosure Protection Act, which applies to federal government employees, and provincial laws such as the Public Interest Disclosure (Whistleblower Protection) Act in Ontario.
  5. European Union: The EU Directive on the protection of persons who report breaches of Union law (Directive (EU) 2019/1937) sets minimum standards for whistleblower protection across EU member states. The directive requires member states to establish effective reporting channels and protections against retaliation. It is also required for businesses that trade in the EU, including British companies.
  6. South Africa: South Africa has the Protected Disclosures Act 2000, which protects whistleblowers who report unlawful or irregular conduct in the workplace. It prohibits retaliation and provides for remedies for whistleblowers who suffer adverse consequences.
  7. India: India enacted the Whistleblowers Protection Act in 2014, which provides safeguards for whistleblowers who report corruption and other offenses committed by public servants.
  8. Brazil: Brazil has the Law of Administrative Improbity (Law No. 8.429/1992) that provides protection for whistleblowers who report corruption, fraud, and other irregularities in public administration.
  9. Japan: Japan has the Whistleblower Protection Act, which safeguards whistleblowers in both the public and private sectors. It offers protection against retaliation and provides mechanisms for reporting misconduct.
  10. New Zealand: New Zealand has the Protected Disclosures Act 2000, which protects whistleblowers who report serious wrongdoing within the public and private sectors. It prohibits retaliation and provides remedies for whistleblowers.

These are just a few examples of the whistleblower laws existing globally. It is important to note that the specific provisions and coverage may vary in each country, and it is advisable to consult the specific legislation and seek legal advice for the most accurate and up-to-date information on whistleblower protections in a particular jurisdiction.

Specific laws are:

False Claims Act (United States)
Whistleblower Protection Act (United States)
Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (United States)
Public Interest Disclosure Act 1998 (United Kingdom)
Public Interest Disclosure (Whistleblower Protection) Act (Australia)
Protected Disclosures Act 2013 (Australia)
Public Servants Disclosure Protection Act (Canada)
Public Interest Disclosure (Whistleblower Protection) Act (Ontario, Canada)
EU Directive on the protection of persons who report breaches of Union law (European Union)
Law of Administrative Improbity (Brazil)
Whistleblowers Protection Act (India)
Whistleblower Protection Act (Japan)
Protected Disclosures Act 2000 (New Zealand)
Whistleblower Protection Act (South Korea)
Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission Act (South Korea)
Whistleblower Protection Act (South Africa)
Law for the Protection of Whistleblowers (Mexico)
Whistleblower Protection Act (Germany)
Whistleblower Protection Act (Netherlands)
Whistleblower Protection Act (Norway)

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